Maiori is located among gardens and terraces rich of citruses: it is in the most inner part of Amalfi Coast, in front of a beautiful beach, at the mouth of Reginna Major small river. It was called Reginna Major by Romans to distinguish it by the near Reginna Minor, at whose mouth there is Minori.

The Collegiata di Santa Maria a Mare and Avvocata Sanctuary have a very rich artistic and cultural heritage together with the other monuments:

San Nicola de ThoroPlano and Miramare castles, San Francesco church and monastery. Sulfurea and Pandora caves are actually charming, Cala Bellavaia, a wonderful beach attainable only from the sea, is very charming, too. From the road 163 that brings to Maiori, it is possible to admire wonderful landscapes made of indented coasts and steep slopes. There is also a small ancient round tower built in 1530: today only its ruins remain. An ancient tradition tells that Atrani inhabitants had seen the ships of the pirates arriving, Maiori couldn’t see the pirates from its towers, so Atrani inhabitants made a great fire to alert them about the arrival of pirates. Since that moment, when the two towns celebrate their Patrons, the two mayors pay a visit to each other and a great fire is lit on the beach on the eve of the feast. Erchie beach is very charming and Capo d’Orso promontory is very nice with its shape that is like the head of a bear (Capo d’Orso means head of the bear).

The famous film director Roberto Rossellini loved Maiori and its inhabitants very much, some episodes of his films are set there: for example in the movie "Paisà" in 1946 when he was enchanted by the Norman tower, the children of the place (called scugnizzi) and the friars of San Francesco monastery. Some episodes of the movie "Il viaggio in Italia" of 1953 are set in Maiori, too and they exalt the religious faith of its inhabitants.

 

Maiori is in a strategic position, in the middle of Amalfi Coast. It is 15 km from the “ceramics” paradise of Vietri sul Mare; 10 km from the picturesque village of Cetara. Maiori is near Minori (1 km), Atrani (4 km), Amalfi (5 km), and Ravello, the town of music (9 km). Praiano is 15 km far from Maiori while Furore 14 km and Positano 22 km.

 

 

History of Maiori

Maiori was founded by Etrurians as the root “inna” testifies (it was of clear Etrurian origin) in the name “Reghinna Major”. Maiori belonged to Amalfi and was the seat of Shipyards, of Admiralty, of the Customs and of the salt warehouse.

In 1268 it was sacked by Pisani, rivals of Amalfi: they destroyed the town and sacked it all. Maiori soon developed a very good mercantile marine and was able to build very strong ships.

In 1343 there was a sea-quake that destroyed many parts of the coast and almost all the town. Maiori returned to life and almost all the most important economic activities were set along the valley of Reginna Major river.

Then, in 1348 there was a terrible plague that killed many people. This period unfortunately was also a moment of poverty and brigandage. Maiori returned to life thanks to Queen Giovanna I and her successor Carlo III di Durazzo and his son, Ladislao. In the XVI and XVII centuries the first paper factories were created.

In 1502 there were the first hostilities between Spanish and French armies and in 1528 there was a terrible battle along the coast, in front of Capo d’Orso between Angevin and Spanish fleets (the French fleet was led by the admiral Filippino Doria, the Spanish one by the Spanish viceroy Don Ugo di Moncada): more than 1000 men of the Spanish fleet died.

The following years were made of plagues and famine, pirates’ invasions and sacks, many inhabitants were made slaves.

In 1662 Maiori became a Royal Town thanks to Philip IV.

In 1735 and in 1773 there were two violent floods. The inhabitants found a consolation in their religious faith thanks to a wood statue portraying Our Lady which was found after the shipwreck of the boat that brought it. After the Unity of Italy there were many rebellions because of the new taxes and the difficult economical situation. Falerzio Mount that dominates Maiori became a place where brigands and robbers took refuge.

In 1910 there was another terrible flood. After that episode there was the visit of king Vittorio Emanuele III. At the end of the Second World War, after the armistice of September, the 8th, 1943, the allied forces landed in Maiori because there was a very large beach and its location was strategic. Mezzacapo Palace (today the town hall) became the American headquarter; San Domenico Church became a hospital.

In most recent years, in 1954 there was another terrible flood, in the night between 24th and 25th of October.

Stefania Maffeo

 

Monuments - Art

Collegiata di Santa Maria a Mare

Collegiata di Santa Maria a Mare

Collegiata di Santa Maria a Mare with a XVIII century façade. It has a nave and two aisles covered by a dome vault .

 

Tower

Norman TowerNorman Tower built in 1563. Today it is a restaurant
Torricella, a small tower built in 1563, it has a quadrangolar plan
 

Mezzacapo Palace

Mezzacapo PalaceMezzacapo Palace with a great wood entrance and two marble staircases that lead to the rich Salone delle Rappresentanze with a vault ceiling painted with the "Trionfo degli olimpici". In 1943 it became the American headquarter

 

Avvocata Sanctuary

Norman TowerAvvocata Sanctuary, it is situated at 900 m above the sea-level at the slopes of Falerzio Mount, it is attainable only through a very long staircase
 

Santa Maria de Olearia

Santa Maria de Olearia Abbey, an ancient monastery built in X- XI century by Byzantine friars

 

San Nicola de ThoroPlano castle

Mezzacapo PalaceSan Nicola de ThoroPlano castle, built in IX century to defend the town from Longobards. Inside there is a small church dedicated to Saint Nicholas .

 

Caves

Sulfurea Cave, attainable only by boat. On its bottom there is a natural spring of sulphurous water that has a diuretic and detoxicating effect. It can be used to cure skin illnesses
Pandora Cave, the water is emerald green and there are charming stalactites and stalagmites

 

Churches

  • San Sebastiano bulwark, there are only a few remains
  • San Francesco Church built in 1405
 
 

Beach

Maiori 2 Beach

Wide and sandy beach with intense urbanization.

Maiori 1 Beach

Wide and sandy beach with intense urbanization.

Salicerchie Beach

rocky and sandy beach.

Torre Normanna di Capo d'Orso Beach

Rocky beach.

Badia Beach

rocky and pebble beach.

Collata Beach

rocky and sandy beach.

 

Photo gallery Minori on Amalfi Coast

Photos of Minori, one of the most picturesque towns of Amalfi Coast.

Video

 
 

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